Monday, January 8, 2007

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is the most comman problem what most of the people of thiois genetration suffer from.SO i thought of writting about this comman problem today.

Sinus defination:-
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Sinuses are nothing but an empty space or a cavity in general.Sinus what we commanly use related to headaches are the cavities in the facial bones .

Sinuistis:
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Now what is sinusitis?
Itis = any infectious condition is reperesented as itis
Sinusitis is the condition where in these airpockects are infected and get inflammed causing pain in that perticular area.
Generally they will show positional head aches.Which means just when you change the position i.e even if you bend your head the headaches aggravates or flares up.

Description:
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Sinus can be simply described as small aircavities or pockets with a duct and a opening into nasal cavities.
Basically they are paired.There are four pairs of sinuses in the bones of teh face.

1) Frontal Sinus:
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-Located just below the eyebrows and at teh starting of the nose.
-When the frontal sinus gets effected there will be head ache in both the sides of the fore head called temples of the head.

2)Maxillary Sinus:
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-They are also 2 in number and located just below the cheek and on either sides of the nose.
-Here there will be pain and tenderness in the cheek area and one will feel the headache and that ache will be felt all over the face and upper jaw.

3)Ethamoidal Sinus:
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-They are 2 in number
-Located behind the eyes.
-The headche causes by these sinus will mimic those caused due to vision problems[Refractive errors like long or short sightedness]
-Here you can also observe post-nasal drip that is,the mucus will pass through the back of your mouth that is it slides down the throat.

4)Sphenoidal sinus:
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-They are also 2 in number.
-Located behind the ethamoidal sinus.Here one will feel the pain deep behind the eys.Heaviness of the eyes.

All the sinuses have a body just like a pouch then neck andduct with a outlet opening to the nasal cavities.They are line with a smooth surface of mucosa[inner most smooth layer] similar to that of the nasal cavity.They also have tiny hair called cilia.This helps in trapping dust and other foreign particals from entering airpassages.The dust and other particles are traped and then pushed with mucous to the nasal cavity and then thrown out.This is the normal diffence mechanism of the body.When they get infected and swollen the outflow of the entrapped particles remains within causing painful condition.


Symptoms:
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-Head ache which are mainly positional
-Tenderness in the infected sinus are
-occasionally discolouration near the tender sinuses
-applying presuure and massages in those regeions[Increases the blood supply to that area]
-The headaches here subsides by sleeping,taking hot substances,applying hot pads over the tender sinuses
-Usually accompanied with comman cold or other respiratory infections,cough etc.
-Bad breath
-Nasal congestions

Causes:
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-Most of the time DNS[deviated nasal septum=Cruked nose bridge]
-Repeted respiratory tract infection
-Allergic rhinitis
-Allergic conditions.
All of tehse contribute to the occurance of sinusitis.

Tests by which its identified or diagnosed:
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-Sinus transillumination tests
-Simple test like tapping over the sinus, there will be tenderness
-X-Rays
-CT scans.

Home remedies:
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-Mainly ocurs when one exposes to breezy wind ,cold weather,Consumes chilled food items etc.
-Care must be taken to avoid cold and other respiratory infections.
-Eat or drink evrything which is hot .This will give a bit of releif and prevent from further damage
-Salt water gargling i.e with rock salt dissolevd in luke warm water and gargling must be done atleast 2-3 time per day.This will act as disinfectent,remove fowl smell and open up and cleanse the passage by causing counter irritation
-consuming herbs like rosemarry,thyme then ginger and horseraddish is beneficial.
-Keep yourself warm covered with warm clothes
-Dhooma pana with turmeric is the best ayurvedic treatment for this.Method to be done is as follows:-
Take a burning charcoal and add turmeric dries roots to it and blow wind this will make turmeric to emmit smoke when burnt.Inhake this fumes
Or else Simply burn the turmeric in gas and take the fumes.This can be supplimented with turmeric powder also.

-Instilling one drop of Anuthailam each to each nostril daily early morning or late evenings prevents the occurance of sinusitis.Also a good medicine for all types of head ache.But befor instillation.place this in hot water for about 30 sec then apply

-Take vapours using eucalyptus oil of about 3-4 drops in a vessel containing boiling hot water and covering yourself and vessel below so that the steam vapours donot escape.This relieves teh nasal congestion and any block, clears teh passage and helps in out flow of trapped particles in sinus.

-Intake of chitrakarista 3tsp 3 times a day with a drop of honey stired each time,Septiline ds[himalaya company]-2 tablets a day

-Avoid fried foods,fat and heavy foods,curds during the process.

-Drink hot water sip by sip very often